A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. The pile was traditionally made from wool, but, since the 20th century, synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon or polyester are often used, as these fibers are less expensive than wool. The pile usually consists of twisted tufts which are typically heat-treated to maintain their structure. The term "carpet" is often used interchangeably with the term "rug", although the term "carpet" can be applied to a floor covering that covers an entire house, whereas a "rug" is generally no bigger than a single room, and traditionally does not even span from one wall to another, and is typically not even attached as part of the floor.
Plank vinyl flooring has skyrocketed in popularity recently. First, plank wood flooring--the natural stuff grown on trees--has itself become so popular. Plank vinyl seeks to replicate this, but in a cheaper, self-install form. Second, resilient flooring manufacturers have greatly improved the look and feel of vinyl plank.
Laminate flooring is a multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a lamination process. Laminate flooring simulates wood (or sometimes stone) with a photographic applique layer under a clear protective layer. The inner core layer is usually composed of melamine resin and fiber board materials. Laminate flooring has grown significantly in popularity, perhaps because it may be easier to install and maintain than more traditional surfaces such as hardwood flooring. It is reasonably durable, hygienic and relatively easy to maintain.
The vinyl sheet flooring offered today is the product of years of advancements in manufacturing technology and design capabilities. Sheet vinyl flooring is typically offered in 6’ and 12’ widths with products for both the professionally installed and do-it-yourself installations. Vinyl sheet provides the perfect flooring solution for many areas because of its low cost, durability, and easy maintenance. Couple this with the beautiful array of available styles and colors and easy installation, removal and you’ve got a truly superior flooring option.
Vinyl composition tile (VCT) is a finished flooring material used primarily in commercial and institutional applications. Floor tiles are cut into modular shapes such 12" x 12" squares or 12" x 24" rectangles. In installation the floor tiles or sheet flooring are applied to a smooth, leveled sub-floor using a specially formulated vinyl adhesive or tile mastic that remains pliable. In commercial applications some tiles are typically waxed and buffed using special materials and equipment.
Modern vinyl floor tile is frequently chosen for high-traffic areas because of its low cost, durability, and ease of maintenance. Vinyl tiles have high resilience to abrasion and impact damage and can be repeatedly refinished with chemical strippers and mechanical buffing equipment. If properly installed, tiles can be easily removed and replaced when damaged.
Solid hardwood floors are made of planks milled from a single piece of timber. Solid hardwood floors were originally used for structural purposes, being installed perpendicular to the wooden support beams of a building known as joists or bearers. With the increased use of concrete as a subfloor in some parts of the world, engineered wood flooring has gained some popularity. However, solid wood floors are still common and popular. Solid wood floors have a thicker wear surface and can be sanded and finished more times than an engineered wood floor.